Showing posts with label Joseph Stalin. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Joseph Stalin. Show all posts

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Ста́лин, 

pronounced [ˈjosʲɪf vʲɪsɐˈrʲonəvʲɪt͡ɕ ˈstalʲɪn]; born Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jugashvili, 

Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი, pronounced [iɔsɛb bɛsariɔnis d͡ze d͡ʒuɣaʃvili]; 18 

December 1878[1] – 5 March 1953), was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until 

his death in 1953.
Among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the Russian Revolution of 1917, Stalin 

was appointed general secretary of the party's Central Committee in 1922. He subsequently 

managed to consolidate power following the 1924 death of Lenin through suppressing Lenin's 

criticisms (in the postscript of his testament) and expanding the functions of his role, all 

the while eliminating any opposition. By the late 1920s, he was the unchallenged leader of the 

Soviet Union. He remained general secretary until the post was abolished in 1952, concurrently 

serving as the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1941 onward.
Under Stalin's rule, the concept of "socialism in one country" became a central tenet of 

Soviet society. He replaced the New Economic Policy introduced by Lenin in the early 1920s 

with a highly centralised command economy, launching a period of industrialization and 

collectivization that resulted in the rapid transformation of the USSR from an agrarian 

society into an industrial power.[2] However, the economic

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